Farmers Corner

Agrometeorological Advisories (Kozhikode District)

(Period: 24.10.2023 to 29.10.2023)

General Condition

The sky will be cloudy. High relative humidity will be experienced. There will be light rainfalls (from 2.5mm to 15.5 mm within a time span of 24 hours) in most places from October 24th to October 28th.

General Recommendations: Ensure sufficient drainage in crop fields. The weather is favorable for the spread of fungal diseases like bud rot of coconut, mahali in arecanut, quick wilt in black pepper, rhizome rot diseases in ginger and turmeric. Maintain hygiene conditions in crop fields. Infected and fallen nuts, leaves and tree parts should be removed from the fields and burnt. Provide propping to tender stem crops like banana, tomato etc. Ensure sufficient drainage in crop fields. Beware of lightning. Give popping to slender stemmed and easily lodging crops like banana, vegetables etc. Take care while drying the harvested produces like rubber, cashew nut, copra etc., directly under the sun.


Transplanting/ sowing:While preparing the land, incorporate lime @ 4kg/cent to the soil. Use Trichoderma enriched farm yard manure/compost. This will check the spread of wilt diseases. Before transplanting, dip the roots of the seedlings in slurry of pseudomonas (20g pseudomonas/litre of water) for 30 minutes. This will help the seedlings to grow vigorously. Also the seedlings can be sprayed with diluted pseudomonas culture solution (@20ml dissolved in one litre of water).


All stages: Bud rot: Detection of disease at its early stage will help to adopt efficient corrective measures. Cut and remove the affected tissues from the crown and apply Bordeaux paste. After that cover the cut surface with polythene sheets to protect it from rain falls until new leaf emerges. Burn the removed tissues immediately. As a prophylactic measure spray 1% Bordeaux mixture into the axils of top leaves of the surrounding palms

All stages: Yellowing of coconut: Incorporate lime 1kg + dolomite 1kg (per palm) to the basin of the palms. After two weeks, apply borax @ 200g/palm and zinc sulphate @ 100g/palm and magnesium sulphate @500g/palm and potash @ 2kg/palm


Different stages: Rot
Cut and remove the leaves and affected parts of spindle leaves. Apply Akomin 3ml/L along with Stickers 2ml/L at 25 days interval. Prophylatic application of Kocide @ 2g/L to the healthy palms is recommended. Apply lime @500g/palm

Black pepper

All stages: Foot rot: As prophylactic measure, apply 150 gram of Trichoderma enriched neem cake - cow dung mixture in the basins of the vines and incorporate thoroughly with the soil.If disease already appeared, drench soil in the plant basins with Redomil 0.2% (2g/litre of water). Spray the same on the leaves also.


Various stages of growth: Sigatoka leaf spot: There should not be any water stagnation in the basins of the crop. As a prophylactic measure spray Pseudomonas (@ 20g/litre) at fortnight intervals. If disease appears:-Cut and burn all affected leaves. Spray Carbendazim and Mancozeb (@ 2ml per litre) alternatively at fortnight intervals.

Various stages of growth: Fusarium wilt: Drench basal soil with bavistin @ 1ml/litre of water Additionally, keep small masculine cloth bag filled with 25-50g beaching powder in the basins of the plants.


All stages: Gummosis and die back:
Apply Bordeaux paste on the affected portions on the shoots. Drench hexaconazole (@2ml/litre) in the basins.


Pre-bearing stages: Tea mosquito bug:
Prophylactic measures: 1) The fungal biological control agent, Beavaria bassiana can be sprayed @ 20g/L Or 2) Spray 1% Bordeaux mixture mixed with quinalphos (2ml/litre of Bordeaux mixture)


Different stages: Leaf blight:
Remove the severely affected leaves from the plants and destroy in fire. Spray copper oxy chloride on the plants (@2g/litre of water)


Planting: Downy mildew on cucurbits:
As a prophylactic measure apply ‘Mancozeb’(@ 2g/l of water). If disease appeared, spray Akomin® (@3ml/L) on both surfaces of the leaves, thrice at 15 days interval. Remove and burn out the infested leaves.

Animal Husbandry: Cow: Any stage: FMD (Foot and Mouth disease)

Foot and Mouth disease is a highly transmissible disease caused by infection with an Aphthovirus. The infection results in vesicular lesions in and around the mouth and on the feet, resulting in the reluctance of an animal to eat or move.
Prevention: Ensure hygienic conditions for the individual animals as well as their shelter and its surroundings. Boost the immunity of cattle by supplementing feeds with vitamins and minerals containing health tonics. If disease appears, give medication under the supervision of a Veterinary doctor immediately.

Goat : All stages: Allergic diarrhea To prevent dehydration and electrolyte losses give Ringer’s lactate solution intravenously in consultation with the nearest veterinary doctor.

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മലയാളത്തിനായി ഇവിടെ ക്ലിക്ക് ചെയ്യുക

Attention banana growers-root mealy bug-a new threat to banana cultivation.
      Banana plants of varieties Nendran and Rasthali grown in about three hectares of leased land at Poozhithode of Kozhikode district has been found to be severely infested with root mealy bug. Symptomatology- The plants were at six months old stage. Five thousand five hundred plants were grown in the area of which about 120 plants were showing symptoms like creamy white discolouration of the last unfurled leaf and the leaf remaining unopened for longer duration, with a burnt like appearance at the tip. The feeder roots were found to be severely damaged with dead root hairs. Live stages of mealy bugs including immatures and adults were collected from the soil, confirming the severe incidence of mealy bugs in the soil. The banana suckers which were brought from nurseries of Mukkom and Kuttiadi areas and planted without proper curing is suspected to be the possible source of infestation. Similar cases have also been reported from Kelothvayal and Chathamangalam areas of the district.
Prevention is better than cure Since suckers are suspected to be the possible source of infestation, spread of this serious pest is to be checked by prevention of use of suckers from infested areas within and outside the state. Dipping of suckers in boiled water for 10 seconds helps to destroy the live stages of mealy bug adhered to the sucker. Soil drenching of chlorpyriphos 20 EC @2.5ml per litre of water in the root zone may be taken up in consultation with the Agriculture Officers of the area.